Boulanger J, Stenhouse GB (2014). The Impact of Roads on the Demography of Grizzly Bears in Alberta. Public Library of Science, PLOS ONE 9(12): e115535. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0115535

MacHutchson, G., Proctor, M.F. (2015) The Effects of Roads and Human Action on Roads on Grizzly Bears and their Habitat. Trans-Border Grizzly Bear Project.

Proctor, M. et al. (2012). Population Fragmentation and Inter-Ecosystem Movements of Grizzly Bears in Westerns Canada and the Northern United States. Wildlife Monographs, 180: 1-46.

Hebbelwhite, M. (2011). Unreliable Knowledge About Economic Impacts of Large Carnivores on Bovine Calves. Journal of Wildlife Management, 75(8): 1724-1730.

Schwartz, C.C., Haroldson, M.A., & White, G.C. (2010). Hazards Affecting Grizzly Bear Survival in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Journal of Wildlife Management, 74(4):654-667.

Hamilton, A. (2008). Living in Bear Country: Increasing Municipal Compliance with the Bear Smart Program in British Columbia. Masters Thesis, Simon Fraser University.

Proctor, M.F., McLellan, B.N., & Strobeck, C. (2002). Population Fragmentation of Grizzly Bears in Southeastern British Columbia, Canada. University of Calgary.

Wielgus, R.B., Vernier, P.R., & Schivatcheva, T. (2002). Grizzly bear use of open, closed, and restricted forestry roads. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 32: 1597-1606.

Hilderbrand, G.V., Hanley, T.A., Robbins, C.T., & Schwartz, C.C. (1999). Role of brown bears (Ursus arctos) in the flow of marine nitrogen into a terrestrial ecosystem. Oecologia, 121: 546-550.

Tardiff, S.E., & Stanford, J.A. (1998). Grizzly bear digging: Effects on subalpine meadow plants in relation to mineral nitrogen availability. Ecology, 79(7): 2219-2228.


2013 - Where the Wild Things Are: Options for shared bear stewardship in BC.

2013 - Securing a national treasure: Protecting Canada's Grizzly Bear. David Suzuki Foundation.

2012 - British Columbia Grizzly Bear Population Estimate. Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations.

2012 - COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos). COSEWIC.

2010 - On the Edge: British Columbia's Unprotected Transboundary Species. David Suzuki Foundation, Ecojustice, & Conservation Northwest.

2008 - Sea to Sky Land Resource Management Plan. Government of British Columbia.

2008 - North Cascades Grizzly Bear Project - 2008 Annual Report. Conservation Partnership Centre.

2007 - North Cascades Grizzly Bear Project - 2007 Annual Report. Conservation Partnership Centre.

2004 - Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos) Harvest Management in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection.


Photo from Jeremy Williams.

Photo from Jeremy Williams.